Pleural Fluid
 

Pleural Fluid Appearance

 
 
Bookmark

Overview

  • The appearance of pleural fluid can provide valuable insight into the cause of a patient's pleural effusion before any tests are performed.
    • Interpretation

    • Blood-stained - traumatic collection, haemothorax, malignancy, parapneumonic effusion, pulmonary embolism
    • Milky - chylothorax
    • Food particles - oesophageal rupture
    • Bilious - biliary fistula
    • Yellow / green - rheumatoid, urinothorax
    • Ammonia odour - suggestive of urinothorax
    • Putrid-smelling - suggestive of anaerobic empyema
    • Black - aspergillosis
    • ‘Anchovy sauce' - ruptured amoebic abscess
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Explore
   
 
Feedback