Pleural Fluid
 

Pleural Effusion

 
 
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Overview

    • Causes of Pleural Effusion

    • Exudative

    • Malignancy
    • Infection - parapneumonic effusion, empyema, viral, fungal, TB, ruptured abscess / cyst
    • Pulmonary embolism (90% exudative)
    • Autoimmune disease - rheumatoid pleuritis, SLE
    • Pancreatitis
    • Haemothorax
    • Chylothorax
    • Asbestosis
    • Uraemia
    • Oesophageal rupture
    • Transudative

    • Heart failure
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hypoalbuminaemia
    • Nephrotic syndrome
    • Pulmonary embolism (10% transudative)
    • Myxoedema
    • Meig’s syndrome
    • Constrictive pericarditis
    • SVC obstruction
    • Urinothorax
 
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