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Shoulder Exam

Shoulder Swelling

January 1st, 2017


  • Look For

  • Generalised swelling over one or both shoulders. May be associated with redness, tenderness or warmth.
  • Causes of Shoulder Swelling

  • Trauma - fracture, patellar dislocation, muscle sprain or rupture, compartment syndrome
  • Bursitis - commonly subacromial
  • Arthritis - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, gout, pseudogout, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis
  • Skin / soft tissue infection - cellulitis, abscess
  • Vascular - acute ischaemia, DVT, superficial thrombophlebitis
  • Systemic - heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition
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