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Shoulder Exam

Hawkins-Kennedy Test

January 1st, 2017


The Hawkins-Kennedy test is used to assess for coracoacromial impingement, by attempting to precipitate the pain of impingement of the subscapularis tendon against the coracoacromial ligament.
  • How to Perform

  • Flex the patient's elbow and shoulder to 90°, stabilitse the shoulder joint and forcibly internally rotate the shoulder.
  • Abnormal If

  • Pain.
  • Causes

  • Subacromial bursitis
  • Rotator cuff tendinitis
  • Rotator cuff tear
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