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Elbow Exam
 
 

Elbow Deformities

 
 
 
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Overview

  • Look For

  • Abnormal contour of one elbow joint when compared to the other.
  • Causes of Elbow Deformities

  • Fracture - humeral condyles, ulnar olecranon, head of radius
  • Dislocation
  • Mass
  • Congenital deformity

Elbow Carrying Angle

An abnormal elbow carrying angle may be congenital or associated with fracture / dislocation of the humerus, radius or ulna.
  • Look For

  • The lateral angle between the arm and  forearm while the elbow is extended fully.
  • Elbow Carrying Angle
  • Interpretation

  • A
    Cubitus varus - a decrease in the carrying angle, with the forearm angulating more closely to the body.
  • B
    Normal
  • C
    Cubitus valgus - an increase in the carrying angle, with the forearm angulating out laterally.
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