Ortho X-Ray
 

Increased Bone Density

 
 
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Generalised Osteosclerosis

    • Look For

    • Generalised increase in bone density.
    • Causes of Generalised Osteosclerosis

    • Congenital / hereditary - osteopetrosis, pyknodysostosis
    • Endocrine - hyperthyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, renal osteodystrophy
    • Metastasis (osteoblastic) - from prostate / breast
    • Myeloproliferative disorders - myelofibrosis, mastocytosis
    • Paget’s disease (late)
    • Sickle cell disease

Subchondral Osteosclerosis

    • Look For

    • Increased bone deposition surrounding a joint, in the subchondral layer. May be associated with subchondral cysts, reduced joint space and / or osteophytes.
    • Significance

    • A classical radiological feature of osteoarthritis.
Last updated on January 25th, 2020
 
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