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Liver Function Tests

Liver Function
Markers of Cirrhosis
Viral Hepatitis Screen
Other Tests


  • Albumin is a group of serum proteins produced by the liver that maintain oncotic pressure and transport certain hydrophobic compounds.
      • Normal Range
      • 32 - 45 g/L
  • Albumin has a plasma half-life of three weeks, meaning that its concentration changes very slowly in response to changes in synthesis.


  • Reduced serum albumin.
    • Causes of Hypoalbuminaemia
    • Reduced synthesis - malnutrition, malabsorption, liver disease
    • Increased breakdown - infection, inflammation, malignancy, hyperthyroidism
    • Increased loss - nephrotic syndrome, protein-losing enteropathy, severe burns
    • Dilutional


  • Increased serum albumin.
    • Significance
    • Indicative of dehydration.