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Chest X-Ray
 
 

Emphysema

 
 
 
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Overview

  • Chest X-Ray Signs of Emphysema

  • Hyperinflation - hyperlucency of lung fields, diaphragmatic flattening, mediastinal narrowing
  • Bullae
  • Lung scarring
  • Examples

  • Hyperinflation in a patient with emphysema
  • Hyperinflation in a patient with emphysema
     
  • Hyperinflation with multiple right apical bullae
  • Hyperinflation with multiple right apical bullae
     
  • Risk Factors for Emphysema

  • Smoking
  • Occupational exposure - coal, toluene (plastics)
  • Environmental air pollution
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
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