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Chest X-Ray

Bony Deformities on Chest X-Ray

February 15th, 2021


  • Look For

  • Lateral curvature of the spine.
Plain x-rays can be used to confirm the clinical diagnosis of scoliosis, to identify a cause, and to grade the severity of scoliosis.
  • Causes of Scoliosis

  • Congenital scoliosis
  • Neuromuscular diseases - cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy, muscular dystrophy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth, polio, childhood paraplegia / quadriplegia
  • Connective tissue diseases - Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos, osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Infection - osteomyelitis, tuberculosis
  • Trauma
  • Tumour
  • Example

  • No Overlay

Extra Cervical Rib

An extra cervical rib is a rare phenomenon where an extra rib arises from the C7 vertebra, usually bilaterally. This may be benign or cause vascular complications such as subclavian artery compression and thoracic outlet obstruction.
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