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Test Findings

Reduced Base Excess

February 7th, 2020


A base excess less than -2 suggests the presence of metabolic acidosis.
  • Causes of Reduced Base Excess

  • Ingestion of acid - methanol, ethylene glycol, salicylic acid
  • Acid production - lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, rhabdomyolysis
  • Reduced acid excretion - renal failure, distal RTA
  • Loss of alkali - diarrhoea, proximal RTA
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