Test Findings
 

Mediastinal Widening

Bookmark

Overview

    • Look For

    • The mediastinal contour measuring more than 8cm at the level of the aortic arch.
  • Note that the mediastinum will be artificially widened on an AP film, and this should only be assessed on a PA film.
    • Causes of Mediastinal Widening

    • Lymphadenopathy - infection, sarcoidosis, malignancy
    • Mediastinal tumour - lymphoma, thymoma, metastasis
    • Vascular pathology - thoracic aortic aneurysm, tortuosity of the aorta, aortic rupture
    • Pneumomediastinum
    • Retrosternal goitre
    • Hiatus hernia
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Explore
   
 
Feedback