×
MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
 
 
 
 
 
GET - On the App Store
View
Test Findings
 
 

Left Ventricular Enlargement

 
Bookmark

Overview

  • Look For

  • Displacement of the left cardiac border laterally, inferiorly and posteriorly
  • Rounded cardiac apex
  • Causes of Left Ventricular Enlargement

  • Hypertrophy

  • Physiologic - athletes, pregnancy
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Valvular disease - aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
  • Hypertrophic (obstructive) cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic coarctation
  • Dilation

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy - familial, ischaemic, alcoholic, viral myocarditis, drugs, connective tissue disease, tachycardia-mediated, peripartum
  • Other

  • Infiltrative disease - haemochromatosis, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis
  • Hyperdynamic state - anaemia, hyperthyroidism, obesity, AV fistula
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now
   
 
 

Snapshot: Initialising...