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Test Findings
Test Findings

Elevated ESR



  • The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a measure of the number of red bloods cells that precipitate in a tube over an hour.
      • Normal Range

      • <12 mm/hr
  • ESR is a surrogate for the fibrinogen, as erythrocyte sedimentation occurs in the context of hyperfibrinogenaemia.
  • The ESR is influenced by inflammation, serum protein concentration and red blood cell interactions with proteins.
    • Causes of Elevated ESR

    • Sepsis
    • Inflammation
    • Malignancy
    • Pregnancy
    • Advanced age
    • Macrocytosis
    • Anaemia
    • Multiple myeloma
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