Test Findings
 

Elevated D-Dimer

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Overview

  • Elevated D-dimer is a non-specific finding as it can be caused by the myriad of conditions listed below.
    • Causes of Elevated D-Dimer

    • Non-Pathological

    • Advanced age
    • Pregnancy
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Postoperative state
    • Pathological

    • Trauma
    • Infection
    • Inflammation
    • Malignancy
    • Preeclampsia / eclampsia
    • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
    • Intracardiac thrombus
    • Arterial atheroembolism
    • Venous thromboembolism (e.g. DVT, PE)
    • Superficial thrombophlebitis
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Ischaemic stroke
    • Aortic dissection
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • Chronic kidney disease
    • Congestive cardiac failure
    • Severe liver disease
    • Sickle cell crisis
    • Acute GI haemorrhage
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