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Xanthomata

 
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Overview

Xanthomata are cholesterol-filled nodules that occur in the setting of hereditary or acquired disorders of lipid metabolism.
  • Look For

  • Red to yellow nodules, papules or plaques.
Xanthomata may overly tendons, extensor surfaces, flexor surfaces or the palms.
  • Types of Xanthomata

  • Tendinous: over tendons, ligaments, fasciaUnderlying lipid metabolism disorder
  • Planar: yellow and softHypercholesterolaemia
  • Tuberous: nodules on extensor surfaces (knees, knuckles, buttocks), palmsSystemic alteration in lipid metabolism
  • Eruptive: papules over pressure points and extensor surfacesHypertriglyceridaemia
  • Disseminatum: flexural surfaces
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