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  • Strabismus is misalignment of the eyes, either medially (esotropia) or laterally (exotropia).
  • Strabismus is often quite subtle and difficult to detect; slight angulation of the head to either side may be a sign of compensation for a subtle strabismus.
    • Causes of Strabismus

    • Structural - intraocular or orbital mass
    • Ocular muscle weakness
    • Trauma
    • Neurological - oculomotor (III), trochlear (IV), abducens (VI) or upper motor neuron lesion
    • Fatigue / stress
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