Signs
 

Reduced Range of Motion

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Assessing Range of Motion

  • Passive movement is used to assess the objective range of motion of a joint.
    • How to Assess

    • Ask the patient to relax, and move their joint. Note the range of motion and whether it is limited by pain, swelling or stiffness. Note any crepitus.
    • Causes of Limited Range of Motion

    • Trauma - dislocation, fracture
    • Arthropathy - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, crystal arthropathy, seronegative arthropathy, haemarthrosis, loose intra-articular body
    • Soft tissue pathology - tendinitis, bursitis, menisceal tear, ligamentous tear, fibrous adhesions
    • Muscle tightness
    • Prolonged joint immobilisation
    • Compartment syndrome
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