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Reduced Range of Motion

May 9th, 2019

Assessing Range of Motion

Passive movement is used to assess the objective range of motion of a joint.
  • How to Assess

  • Ask the patient to relax, and move their joint. Note the range of motion and whether it is limited by pain, swelling or stiffness. Note any crepitus.
  • Causes of Limited Range of Motion

  • Trauma - dislocation, fracture
  • Arthropathy - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, crystal arthropathy, seronegative arthropathy, haemarthrosis, loose intra-articular body
  • Soft tissue pathology - tendinitis, bursitis, menisceal tear, ligamentous tear, fibrous adhesions
  • Muscle tightness
  • Prolonged joint immobilisation
  • Compartment syndrome
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