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Signs
 
 

Poor Posture

 
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Overview

  • How to Assess

  • Inspect the patient's posture while they are standing, sitting and squatting. Inspect from laterally, anteriorly and posteriorly.
  • Look For

    The relationship between the positions of the head, trunk, upper and lower limbs.
  • Head & neck - tilt and rotation
  • Shoulders - level of shoulders, scapular prominence
  • Chest - deformities
  • Spine - kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis
  • Pelvis - pelvic tilt
  • Legs - angle between thigh and leg (genu valgum / varum)
  • Feet - position, pronation
  • Causes of Poor Posture

  • Structural - deformities of the spine, foot and ankle
  • Leg Length discrepancy
  • Poor foot posture
  • Muscular imbalance - habitual poor body position
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