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Pitting Oedema



  • Pitting oedema occurs due to the collection of fluid within the subcutaneous space.
    • How to Elicit

    • Apply pressure to the anterior aspect of the tibia for fifteen seconds and then release.
    • Look for persistence of the depressed area after pressure is removed.
    • Pitting Oedema
    • Causes of Pitting Oedema

    • Fluid overload - excessive IV fluids, renal failure, heart failure
    • Right ventricular failure
    • Venous pathology - thrombosis / insufficiency
    • Dependency (the effect of gravity)
    • Hypoalbuminaemia - malnutrition, malabsorption, nephrotic syndrome, liver (synthetic) failure
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