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Pericardial Rub



    • How to Perform

    • Ask the patient to lean forward and hold their breath in full expiration.
    • Listen For

    • A superficial, scratching sound present in mid-systole, mid-diastole and late diastole.
    • Significance

    • Pericarditis.
    • Causes of Pericardial Rub

    • Infection
    • Trauma
    • Uraemic pericarditis
    • Inflammatory conditions - rheumatoid arthritis, lupus
    • Cancers
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