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  • Paraphasias involve the switching of a word in a sentence for another incorrect word.
    • Types of Paraphasias

    • Phonemic paraphasia: the substitution, addition or rearrangement of sounds in a word, e.g. pike or kipe instead of pipe
    • Verbal paraphasia: a word is switched with another word that has a semantic relationship to it, e.g. apple instead of orange
    • Neologistic paraphasias: a word is switched with another word that does not exist in the language
    • Significance

    • Classically associated with receptive (Wernicke’s) aphasia.
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