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Signs
 
 

Paradoxical Respiration

 
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Overview

Normally, the abdomen moves outward on inspiration and inward on expiration.
Paradoxical movement of the abdomen - inward on inspiration and outward on expiration - is suggestive of diaphragmatic paralysis or fatigue.
  • Causes of Paradoxical Respiration

  • Diaphragmatic paralysis - unilateral or bilateral
  • Fatigue - respiratory failure, neuromuscular disease
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