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Muscle Wasting



    • Feel For

    • Decreased muscle mass. Note whether wasting is isolated to a single muscle, muscle group, limb, or is generalised.
    • Causes of Muscle Wasting

    • Localised Muscle Wasting

    • Disuse
    • Denervation - trauma, motor neurone disease, Guillain-barré Syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, polio
    • Muscular disorders - inflammatory myopathy, muscular dystrophies
    • Generalised Muscle Wasting (Sarcopaenia)

    • Frailty
    • Malnutrition - poor diet, malabsorption, cancer
    • Chronic disease - cancer, heart failure, COPD, infection, cirrhosis, kidney disease
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