Signs
 

Leg Tenderness

Bookmark

Overview

    • How to Assess

    • Palpate the lower limb, and especially the calves. Ask the patient whether any area is tender to touch.
    • Causes of Leg Tenderness

    • Vascular - deep venous thrombosis, superficial thrombophlebitis
    • Infection - cellulitis, lymphangitis, necrotising fasciitis
    • Musculoskeletal - trauma, arthritis, gout
    • Malignancy
    • Compartment syndrome (following crush injury, burns, haemorrhage, leg ischaemia)
    • Interpretation

    • Red, swollen, tender calfSuggestive of cellulitis or deep venous thrombosis
    • Tenderness and erythema tracking along the course of a superficial veinSuggestive of superficial thrombophlebitis
    • Pulselessness, pallor, paraesthesia, pain, poikilothermiaSigns of compartment syndrome
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Explore
   
 
Feedback