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Hypotension

Overview

    • Interpretation

    • Systolic BP <100mmHg or a drop in systolic BP to <80% of the patient's baseline.
    • Causes of Hypotension

    • Postural (orthostatic) hypotension - related to redistribution of blood following change in position from lying to sitting or standing.
    • Cardiac - myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers
    • Obstruction - massive PE, tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade.
    • Vasodilation - sepsis, anaphylaxis, CNS damage (neurogenic), endocrine.
    • Hypovolaemia - haemorrhage, dehydration.
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Associated Diseases
BETA

Cardiovascular
Structural Heart Disease
Cardiomyopathy
Haemodynamic Dysfunction
Shock
Vascular Disease
Other

Associated Drugs
BETA

Cardiovascular
Lidocaine / Lignocaine / Xylocaine
Potassium Channel Blockers
ACE Inhibitors
Tamsulosin
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
Beta Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers
Other
Anaesthetics
General Anaesthetics
Analgesic Agents
Baclofen
Local Anaesthetics
Immunology
Alemtuzumab
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