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August 18th, 2017


Haemorrhoids are cushions of anal vascular tissue that may bleed, prolapse, thrombose or cause pain / pruritis.
  • Look For

  • Perianal or rectal mass - flesh / mucosal appearance
  • Thrombosed mass - purple or blue, may be associated with overlying clot
  • Blood
  • Mucus discharge
  • Severity

  • First degree - non-prolapsed
  • Second degree - prolapse and reduce spontaneously
  • Third degree - reduce with manual pressure
  • Fourth degree - unable to be reduced
  • Risk Factors for Haemorrhoids

  • Straining while defaecating
  • Raised intra-abdominal pressure
  • Congenital
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