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Genu Valgum (Knock-Knee)



    • Look For

    • Inward angulation of the legs, with the knees rubbing together.
    • Causes of Genu Valgum (Knock-Knee)

    • Normal from 2-5 years of age
    • Physiologic knock-knee
    • Growth arrest - due to infection, fracture or tumour of the growth plate
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Bony dysplasia
    • Osteogenesis imperfecta
    • Ligamentous pathology - collateral / cruciate ligament laxity, iliotibial band contracture
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