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Caput Medusae

 
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Overview

Caput medusae is a classical sign of portal hypertension, causing distension of the superficial veins surrounding the umbilicus.
  • Look For

  • Varicose veins arising from the umbilicus.
  • Causes of Portal Hypertension

  • Cirrhosis
  • Right heart failure (cardiac ascites)
  • Massive liver metastases
  • Fulminant liver failure
  • Portal venous thrombosis
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