Signs
 

Caput Medusae

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Overview

  • Caput medusae is a classical sign of portal hypertension, causing distension of the superficial veins surrounding the umbilicus.
    • Look For

    • Varicose veins arising from the umbilicus.
    • Causes of Portal Hypertension

    • Cirrhosis
    • Right heart failure (cardiac ascites)
    • Massive liver metastases
    • Fulminant liver failure
    • Portal venous thrombosis
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