Signs
 

Appropriateness of Affect

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Overview

  • Appropriate: correlation between the content of speech and the accompanying emotional expression.
  • Inappropriate: lack of correlation between the content of speech and the accompanying emotional expression. The patient may laugh while discussing depression or cry while claiming to be happy.
  • Incongruous: lack of correlation between affect and stated mood. The patient may claim to be depressed but without flattened affect, e.g. laughs at jokes.
  • Fatuous: inappropriate affect that is overly childlike.Associated with hebephrenia, but may indicate an intellectual disability or represent an inappropriate coping mechanism e.g. in an eating disorder.
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