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Apprehension Test

 
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Overview

The apprehension test of the shoulder is used to assess for instability of the glenohumeral joint, by applying pressure as if to anteriorly dislocate the glenohumeral joint.
  • Position

  • Supine or upright.
  • How to Perform

  • Abduct patient's arm to 90°, externally rotate the shoulder and apply an anteriorly-directed pressure to the posterior humerus.
  • Abnormal If

  • Pain, or it the patient becomes apprehensive about impending dislocation of their shoulder.
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