Signs
 

Apprehension Test

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Overview

  • The apprehension test of the shoulder is used to assess for instability of the glenohumeral joint, by applying pressure as if to anteriorly dislocate the glenohumeral joint.
    • Position

    • Supine or upright.
    • How to Perform

    • Abduct patient's arm to 90°, externally rotate the shoulder and apply an anteriorly-directed pressure to the posterior humerus.
    • Abnormal If

    • Pain, or it the patient becomes apprehensive about impending dislocation of their shoulder.
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