Female Catheters
 

Complications

 
 
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Catheter-Associated UTI

    • Clinical Features of Cystitis

    • Burning around the catheter
    • Urge to urinate despite passing urine
    • Lower abdominal pain
    • Cloudy urine
    • Haematuria
    • Foul smelling urine
    • Low grade fevers
    • Clinical Features of Pyelonephritis

    • As with cystitis
    • Flank pain
    • Nausea / vomiting
    • Fevers / systemic features
    • Pathogenesis of Catheter-Associated UTI

    • The catheter acts as a bridge for ascension of bacteria into the bladder
    • Residual bladder volume increases risk of infection
    • Risk of biofilm creation
    • Prevention

    • Insert catheters only when clinically indicated
    • Rationalise the duration of the catheter
 
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