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Osteoarthritis

 
 
 
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On this page:Management

Overview

  • Ask About

  • Diagnosis - when OA was diagnosed, what joints are involved
  • Risk factors - occupation, sport, trauma, obesity
  • Functional limitation
  • Management - non-pharmacologic / pharmacologic
  • Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis

  • Advanced age
  • Obesity
  • Past trauma
  • Joint overuse (occupational / sport-related)

Management

  • Management Options

  • Non-Pharmacologic

  • Weight loss
  • Exercise - gym programs, tai chi, hydrotherapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Walking aids
  • Joint protection - taping, splinting, orthotics
  • Pharmacologic

  • Simple analgesia - paracetamol, NSAIDs
  • Opioids (to be avoided)
  • Intra-articular corticosteroids
  • Surgical

  • Osteotomy (change in alignment)
  • Arthroplasty (joint replacement)
  • Arthrodesis (joint fusion)
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