Travel History | Basic History - MedSchool
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Basic History
 
 

Vaccination History

 

Travel History

 
 
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Overview

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    • Travel to other countries - especially developing countries
    • Prophylaxis before travelling - vaccines, malaria prophylaxis
    • Exposure to animals - especially bites or scratches
    • Food intake - especially raw meat, fish, unpasteurised dairy products
    • Contact with fresh water
    • Contact with sick people
    • Insect bites
    • Sexual contacts
    • Needle exposures
    • Significance

    • Travel to certain countries is associated with increased infection risk, especially with organisms rarely seen in developed countries.
    • Long plane journeys are associated with increased risk of DVT.
    • Important Travel-Related Infections

    • Diarrhoeal illnesses - giardia, amoeba, salmonella, shigella, cryptosporidia, cyclospora
    • Intestinal worms - strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, hookworm, whipworm, trichinosis, schistosomiasis
    • Mosquito-borne diseases - yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, dengue fever, zika virus, chikungunya
    • Rickettsial illnesses - scrub typhus, spotted fevers
    • Tuberculosis
    • Other bacterial infections - meningococcal meningitis, typhoid fever, diptheria, leptospirosis, brucellosis, tetanus, lyme disease
    • Other viral infections - hepatitis A / B / C, HIV / AIDS, avian flu, measles, mumps, polio, rabies, ebola
    • Other parasitic infections - leishmaniasis
Last updated on October 6th, 2017
 
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