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Basic History
 
 

Travel History

 
 
 
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Overview

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  • Travel to other countries - especially developing countries
  • Prophylaxis before travelling - vaccines, malaria prophylaxis
  • Exposure to animals - especially bites or scratches
  • Food intake - especially raw meat, fish, unpasteurised dairy products
  • Contact with fresh water
  • Contact with sick people
  • Insect bites
  • Sexual contacts
  • Needle exposures
  • Significance

  • Travel to certain countries is associated with increased infection risk, especially with organisms rarely seen in developed countries.
  • Long plane journeys are associated with increased risk of DVT.
  • Important Travel-Related Infections

  • Diarrhoeal illnesses - giardia, amoeba, salmonella, shigella, cryptosporidia, cyclospora
  • Intestinal worms - strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, hookworm, whipworm, trichinosis, schistosomiasis
  • Mosquito-borne diseases - yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, dengue fever, zika virus, chikungunya
  • Rickettsial illnesses - scrub typhus, spotted fevers
  • Tuberculosis
  • Other bacterial infections - meningococcal meningitis, typhoid fever, diptheria, leptospirosis, brucellosis, tetanus, lyme disease
  • Other viral infections - hepatitis A / B / C, HIV / AIDS, avian flu, measles, mumps, polio, rabies, ebola
  • Other parasitic infections - leishmaniasis
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