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Hand & Wrist Exam

Wrist Swelling

January 1st, 2017


  • Look For

  • Generalised swelling over a joint, which may be unilateral, bilateral or widespread. May be associated with redness, tenderness or warmth.
  • Causes of Wrist Swelling

  • Trauma - fracture, muscle sprain or rupture, compartment syndrome
  • Musculoskeletal - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, gout, pseudogout, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, tenosynovitis
  • Skin / soft tissue infection - cellulitis, abscess, necrotizing fasciitis, gas gangrene
  • Vascular - acute ischaemia, DVT, superficial thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency, lymphoedema
  • Systemic - heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition
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