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Hand & Wrist Exam

Muscle Palpation


Muscles Acting on the Wrist Joint

  • Flexors (anteromedial) - flexor carpi radialis, palmaris longus, flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Extensors (posterolateral) - extensor carpi radialis longus & brevis, extensor carpi ulnaris
  • Abductors - flexor carpi radialis, extensor carpi radialis longus & brevis
  • Adductors - flexor carpi ulnaris, extensor carpi ulnaris
  • Pronators (anteromedial) - pronator teres, pronator quadratus
  • Supinator (posterolateral) - supinator

Muscles Acting on the Hand

  • Extrinsic Finger flexors - flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus
  • Extrinsic Finger extensors - extensor digitorum, extensor digiti minimi, extensor indicis
  • Extrinsic Thumb muscles  - flexor pollucis longus, extensor pollucis longus & brevis, abductor pollucis longus
  • Thenar muscles (OAF) - opponens pollucis, abductor pollucis brevis, flexor pollucis brevis
  • Hypothenar muscles (OAF) - opponens digit minimi, abductor digiti minimi, flexor digiti minimi
  • Interossei - palmar and dorsal
  • Lumbricals
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