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Upper Limb Neuro

Skin Inspection

February 15th, 2021

Cutaneous Manifestations of Neurologic Disease

  • Signs of Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1)

  • Neurofibromata: non-painful rubbery skin tumours
  • Cafe au Lait spots: flat (macular) patches of hyperpigmentation
  • Signs of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

  • Angiofibromata: pink papules in the nasolabial folds
  • Shagreen patches: soft flesh-coloured patches on the trunk
  • Ash leaf macules: hypopigmented flat spots
  • Signs of Meningitis

  • Purpura: non-blanching red / purple lesions
  • Maculopapular rash: blanching flat (macular) and raised (papular) lesions
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