Spinal Exam
 

Thoracic Kyphosis

 
 
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Overview

    • Look For

    • The amount of antero-posterior curvature of the thoracic spine. Especially pronounced if the patient leans forward.

Thoracic Hyperkyphosis

    • Look For

    • Marked rounding of the thoracic spine.
    • Significance

    • The thoracic spine is normally kyphosed, though hyperkyphosis (>40°) may result in pain, respiratory compromise and increased fracture risk.
    • Causes of Thoracic Hyperkyphosis

    • Age-related - osteoporosis, disc degeneration
    • Vertebral fracture
    • Scheuerman’s disease (adolescent kyphosis)
    • Congenital abnormalities
Last updated on January 1st, 2017
 
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