×
MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
 
 
 
 
 
GET - On the App Store
View
Spinal Exam
 
 

Scoliosis

 
 
 
Bookmark

Overview

  • How to Elicit

  • Inspect the spine, and then palpate the spinous processes of the vertebrae.
  • Look For

  • Lateral curvature of the spine
  • Distortion of the trunk
  • Prominence of the ribs
  • Assymetry of skin folds about the flank
  • Shoulder elevation
  • Scapular rotation
  • Causes of Scoliosis

  • Idiopathic (80%)
  • Congenital - maldevelopment of vertebrae
  • Neuromuscular disorders - cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy
  • Syndromal - Marfan, neurofibromatosis, Down syndrome
  • Trauma - fracture, dislocation, burns
  • Degenerative - secondary to facet joint osteoarthritis
Consider dropping a plumb line, if one is available, from the midline at the level of the atlantoaxial joint. This will aid in easily identifying even minor lateral curvature.
Next Page
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now
   
 
 

Snapshot: Initialising...