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Spinal Exam

Muscle Palpation

August 21st, 2017

Muscles Acting on the Cervical Spine

Flexors - sternocleidomastoid, scalenes, longus muscles, rectus capitis
Extensors - splenius muscles, semispinalis muscles, erector spinae, trapezius
Lateral flexors - sternocleidomastoid, scalenes, levator scapulae
Rotators - sternocleidomastoid, splenius muscles, levator scapulae, erector spinae

Muscles Acting on the Thoracic / Lumbar Spine

Flexors - rectus abdominis, internal & external oblique
Extensors - erector spinae, latissimus dorsi
Lateral flexors - quadratus lumborum, internal & external oblique, multifidus
Rotators - internal & external oblique, multifidus
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