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The Renal Examination

The renal examination may provide clues as to the cause and complications of a patient's renal dysfunction. Fluid balance is often difficult in renal failure patients and the examination can be used to assess current fluid status. The renal exam may also suggest the type of treatment the patient is receiving, whether it be via a fistula, vascath or peritoneal dialysis catheter.

The Patient

The Hands

The Arms

The Face

The Neck

The Chest

The Back

The Abdomen

The Legs



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