×
MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
 
 
 
 
 
GET - On the App Store
View
Mental Status Exam
 
Mental Status Exam
 

Assessment of Reading

 
 
 
Bookmark

Overview

Show the patient a list of words and ask them to read the words out loud, or ask them to read a few sentences from a newspaper.
  • Causes of Disordered Reading

  • Pure alexia - reading of words letter-by-letter.
  • Surface dyslexia - ability to phonetically sound out words (breed, steam), but difficulty reading words with irregular spelling (debt, colonel, broad, steak).
  • Phonological dyslexia - inability to read non-words (neg, bluck, deak) with otherwise normal reading of words.
  • Deep dyslexia - semantic errors (e.g. reading the word ‘table’ as ‘chair’ or ‘street’ as ‘road’), and inability to read plausible non-words (neg, bluck, deak).Stroke, traumatic brain injury
  • Neglect dyslexia - the patient omits or substitutes part of a word, especially at the beginning of the word. For example, island / land or fish / dish.Dominant hemispheric damage
  • Note

  • The term ‘dyslexia' is colloquially used to denote ‘developmental dyslexia', which is a global difficulty in reading beginning in childhood that may progress to adulthood. The dyslexias identified above are specific defects that are generally acquired rather than developmental.
Next Page
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now