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Joint Swelling

 
 
 
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Overview

  • Look For

  • Generalised swelling over one or both lower limbs. May be associated with redness, tenderness or warmth.
  • Causes of Joint Swelling

  • Trauma - fracture, dislocation, muscle sprain or rupture, compartment syndrome
  • Musculoskeletal - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, gout, pseudogout, reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, bursitis
  • Skin / soft tissue infection - cellulitis, abscess, necrotizing fasciitis, gas gangrene
  • Vascular - acute ischaemia, DVT, superficial thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency, lymphoedema
  • Systemic - heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition
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