Login or Register to unlock everything MedSchool has to offer!

Haem Exam

The Patient
The Hands
The Arms
The Face
The Neck
The Chest
The Abdomen
The Pelvis
The Back
The Legs



Conjunctival Pallor

    • How to Elicit
    • Pull the lower eyelid downward and inspect the inner eyelid. Conjunctival pallor is present if there is loss of the normal redness of the anterior rim of the conjunctiva.
    • Significance
    • A sign of severe anaemia.

Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

    • Look For
    • Redness beneath the conjuncctiva due to bleeding
    • Significance
    • May be a sign of coagulopathy.
    • Causes of Subconjunctival Haemorrhage
    • Idiopathic
    • Ocular damage - trauma, contact lens use, surgery
    • Vascular damage - hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Conjunctival tumour

Scleral Icterus

    • Look For
    • Yellowness of the conjunctiva overlying the sclera.
    • Significance
    • A relatively sensitive indicator of jaundice, occurring prior to the development of colour change in the skin.