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Haem Exam
Haem Exam
When examining a patient's haematologic system, remember the three key cell lines and the major manifestations that can result from their derangement: anaemia, infection and bleeding / bruising. The haematology exam is also used to identify signs of malignancy, such as lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly.

Chest Wall


Chest Wall Tenderness

    • How to Elicit

    • Gently palpate the chest wall, checking for tenderness. Ask the patient where is tender, and watch their face for nonverbal cues.
    • Causes of Chest Wall Tenderness

    • Trauma - sprain, strain, haematoma, rib fracture
    • Costochondritis
    • Fibromyalgia
    • Rheumatic disease - rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, lupus, septic arthritis
    • Neoplastic bone pain
Last updated on January 1st, 2017