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Gastro Exam

The Gums

November 26th, 2019

Gingival Inflammation

Gingivitis - generalised swelling and erythema.Viral / bacterial / fungal infection, trauma, lichen planus, pemphigoid, erythema multiforme, SLE, drugs, malnutrition
Abscess - localised swelling and erythema.Bacterial infection
Pericoronitis - inflammation surrounding a partially erupted tooth (e.g. wisdom tooth).

Gingival Bleeding

  • Look For

  • Bleeding from the gums.
  • Causes of Gingival Bleeding

  • Trauma - mechanical, chemical, radiation
  • Bleeding disorder - defects of bone marrow / platelets / factors / vitamin K, medications
  • Infection - viral / bacterial / fungal
  • Dermatosis
  • Erythema multiforme
  • Connective tissue disorders - SLE, scurvy
  • Drugs
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