×
MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
 
 
 
 
 
GET - On the App Store
View
Gastro Exam
 
 

Abdominal Distension

 
 
 
Bookmark

Overview

Abdominal distension is commonly seen in obese patients, however intra-abdominal pathology - fluid, faeces, flatus, or a large mass - may produce enlargement of the abdomen. Pregnancy is also a cause that should not be missed!
  • Look For

  • Enlargement of the abdomen, noting whether the enlargement is generalised or localised.
  • Causes of Abdominal Distension

  • Fat - central obesity
  • Faeces - lifestyle, age, obstruction, drugs, endocrine / neurological
  • Flatus - irritable bowel syndrome, mechanical or paralytic gut obstruction
  • Fluid - ascites, blood, pus, urine, bile, chyle, enteric contents
  • Foetus - pregnancy
  • Mass - cancer, abscess, abdominal wall fibrosis
Next Page
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now
   
 
 

Snapshot: Initialising...