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Diabetic Exam
Diabetic Exam
Poor diabetic control may manifest in many different ways, with macrovascular and microvascular complications. The diabetic examination is useful for diagnosing these complications, particularly when it comes to the vascular and neurologic examination of the lower limb.

Leg Temperature



    • How to Assess

    • With the back of the hand, feel from the top of the calf to the dorsum of the foot. Note if there is any change in temperature distally.
    • Causes of Cool Extremities

    • Peripheral arterial disease
    • Compartment Syndrome
    • Shock
    • Low cardiac output, due to cardiac disease
    • Causes of Warm Extremities

    • Systemic - fever / hyperthermia
    • Cellulitis
    • Lymphoedema
    • Venous abnormalities - deep venous thrombosis, superficial thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency
Last updated on November 28th, 2019