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Diabetic Exam

Leg Temperature



    • How to Assess

    • With the back of the hand, feel from the top of the calf to the dorsum of the foot. Note if there is any change in temperature distally.
    • Causes of Cool Extremities

    • Peripheral arterial disease
    • Compartment Syndrome
    • Shock
    • Low cardiac output, due to cardiac disease
    • Causes of Warm Extremities

    • Systemic - fever / hyperthermia
    • Cellulitis
    • Lymphoedema
    • Venous abnormalities - deep venous thrombosis, superficial thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency
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