MedSchool: Ace Your OSCEsThe Medical Company
GET - On the App Store
Diabetic Exam



Cheyne-Stokes Respiration

    • Look For

    • Periods of hyperventilation interspersed with periods of apnoea or bradypnoea.
    • Significance

    • Cheyne-Stokes respiration occurs when hyperventilation lowers the arterial CO₂ below the apnoeic threshold.
    • Causes of Cheyne-Stokes Respiration

    • Physiological - at high altitudes
    • Obstructive sleep apnoea
    • Congestive cardiac failure
    • CNS - stroke, traumatic brain injury, tumour

Kussmaul Respiration

    • Look For

    • Deep, rapid respiration.
    • Significance

    • Associated with severe metabolic acidosis, especially diabetic ketoacidosis.
Want more info like this?
  • Your electronic clinical medicine handbook
  • Guides to help pass your exams
  • Tools every medical student needs
  • Quick diagrams to have the answers, fast
  • Quizzes to test your knowledge
Sign Up Now