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The Eyes

 
 
 
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Overview

There are several pathognomonic and diagnostic signs to be found on inspection of the eyes.

Xanthelasma

  • Look For

  • Yellowish plaques on the eyelids.
  • Significance

  • May be benign or indicative of lipid metabolism disorders.

Conjunctival Pallor

The conjunctiva is a continuous cellular layer covering the outer eye and underside of the eyelid.
  • How to Elicit

  • Pull the lower eyelid downward and inspect the inner eyelid. Conjunctival pallor is present if there is loss of the normal redness of the anterior rim of the conjunctiva.
  • Significance

  • A sign of severe anaemia.
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